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Note: Military electors who are on active duty away from their primary residence (active-away) are subject to special procedures, including later absentee ballot request deadlines and voted ballot receipt deadlines.
Note: If an individual is temporarily overseas on election day, that individual may register and vote like any other elector and is not considered an overseas elector.
In either case, the ballot is mailed, faxed, or emailed per the voter’s request. If the voter does not specify the means of transmission, the clerk may send the ballot via whatever means are practical to expedite receipt of the ballot by the voter.
Local election officials are encouraged to make use of the Federal Voting Assistance Program’s Electronic Transmission Service (ETS) for overseas faxes to reduce costs. ETS will also forward emails to military and overseas citizens. Please view the ETS manual for details.
If the request is by fax or email, an original absentee application bearing the voter’s signature must be received by local election officials no later than the deadline to receive the ballot from the elector. The original absentee application is typically included in the carrier envelope containing the voted ballot, which is placed inside its own security envelope.
Military or overseas voters who do not receive their ballots in time may use the Federal Absentee Write-in Ballot, which is available online and at U.S. embassies. Please consult the directory of U.S. Embassies websites for embassy locations and information.